Irritable Bowel Syndrome

Irritable Bowel Syndrome (IBS) is a disorder that occurs in the large intestine. This disorder causes a great deal of discomfort in the abdomen such a bloating, cramps, stomach ache, indigestion, gas and more. These symptoms are triggered by allergic foods, stress and hormonal imbalance.

Excessive gas in the stomach
Abdominal cramping/bloating that is partly relieved by passing stools
Diarrhoea or constipation or both occurring alternatively
Stools with mucus
Inflammation of intestines due to response by immune system due to which there is pain and diarrhoea
Prolonged bacterial infection associated with continuous diarrhoea
Changes in microflora bacteria in the intestines
Mismatched coordination in signals between brain and intestines causing in pain, bloating and diarrhoea
Irregular muscle contractions in the intestinal wall – Strong and long contraction cause bloating; slow and weak contractions cause constipation

Treatment of Irritable Bowel Syndrome

IBS is treated steadily through various therapies depending on severity of the condition :
Diet regulation by following FODMAP diet,
Including fiber and fluids in the daily diet – Fibers like psyllium/ispaghula husk
Medication
Laxatives
Antispasmodics for cramps and diarrhoea
IBS can lead to an even serious condition such as colon cancer. Symptoms to look out for in this case are :
Long and persistent diarrhea (esp at night)
Rectal bleeding
Unexplained vomiting
Unexplained weight loss
Difficulty in swallowing
Constant pain that isn’t relieved by passing gas or stools
Anemia

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